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    高考英语非谓语动词解题必知技巧_英语_高中教育_教育专区

    79人阅读|27次下载

    高考英语非谓语动词解题必知技巧_英语_高中教育_教育专区。非谓语动词解题超实用技巧


    学大教育 英语非谓语动词解题必知技巧 一、用作目的状语,原则上要用不定式 1. When asked why he went there, he said he was sent there _____ for a space flight. A.training C. to have trained B. being trained D. to be trained 2. _____ this cake, you’ll need 2 eggs,175 g sugar and 175 g flour. A. Having made C. To make B. Make D. Making 二、 用于名词后作定语时, 使用非谓语动词的原则是: 用不定式, 表示动作尚未发生;用现在分词,表示动作正在进行;用过去分 词,表示动作已经发生,同时表示被动意义. 1.. The Chinese are proud of the 29th Olympic Games ___ in Beijing in 2008. A. hold B. holding C. held D. to be held 2. There are hundreds of visitors _____ in front of the Art Gallery to have a look at Van Gogh’s paintings. A. waited B. to wait C. waiting D. wait 3. “Things _____ never come again!” I couldn’t help talking to myself. A.lost B. losing C. to lost D. have lost 4. —The last one _____ pays the meal. —Agreed! A. arrived B. arrives C. to arrive D. arriving 三、用作伴随状语,原则上要用现在分词 1. As the light turned green, I stood for a moment, not _____, and asked myself 1 学大教育 what I was going to do. A. moved B. moving C. to move D. being moved 2. Peter received a letter just now _____ his grandma would come to see him soon. A. said B. says C. saying D. to say 3. Whenever he was asked why he was late for class, he would answer carelessly, always ___ the same thing. A.saying B. said C. to say D. having said 4. We often provide our children with toys, footballs or basketballs,___ that all children like these things. A. thinking B. think C. to think D. thought 四、作结果状语,用现在分词或不定式,其区别是,一般要用现 在分词表自然而然的结果,不定式表意外的结果. 1.The glass doors have taken the place of the wooden ones at the entrance,_____ in the natural light during the day. A. to let B. letting C. let D. having let a record 2. Oil prices have risen by 32 percent since the start of the year,___ US$ 57. 65 a barrel on April 4. A. have reached B. reaching C. to reach D. to be reaching 3.He hurried to the booking office only _____ that all the tickets had been sold out. A. to tell B. to be told C. telling D. told 4. He hurried to the station only_____ that the train had left. A.to find B. finding C. found D. to have found 五、凡是含有被动意义时,原则上要用过去分词。但是,如果所 涉及的动作尚未发生, 则用不定式的被动式; 如果所涉及的动作 正在进行,则用现在分词的被动式 2 学大教育 1.The children talked so loudly at dinner table that I had to struggle _____. A. to be heard B. to have heard C. hearing D. being heard 2. The repairs cost a lot, but it’s money well _____. A.to spend C. being spent B. spent D. spending 3. Five people won the “China’s Green Figure” award, a title _____ to ordinary people for their contributions B. is given D. was given to environmental protection. A.being given C. given 六、 谓语动词作状语时,其逻辑主语原则上应与主句主语保持一 致, 否则要使用独立主格结构或状语从句 1. Faced with a bill for $10,000,_____. A. John has taken an extra job B. the boss has given John an extra job C. an extra job has been taken D. an extra job has been given to John 2. While watching television,_____. A. the door bell rang C. we heard the doorbell ring B. the doorbell rings D. we heard the doorbell rings 3. _________on the road, the car was stopped. A. having seen an elephant B. Seeing an elephant C. The driver seeing an elephant D. After seeing an elephant 七、强调动作发生在主句谓语动作之前时,原则上要用完成式 1._____ from other continents for millions of years, Australia has many plants and animals not found in any other country in the world. A. Being separated C. Having been separated B. Having separated D. To be separated 3 学大教育 2. The manager,_____ it clear to us that he didn’t agree with us, left the meeting room. A. who has made C. made B. having made D. making 八、对于固定搭配及插入语,原则上按搭配习惯处理 1.____ with so much trouble, we failed to complete the task on time. ) A. Faced B. Face C. Facing D. To face 2._____ in a white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor. A. Dressed C. Dressing B. To dress D. Having dressed 3.____________, almost everyone likes being praised. A. Generally speak C. Generally spoken B. Generally speaking D. Speak generally 针对性练习 1._____ a champion, skill is not enough —you have to have the right temperament. A. To be C. Having been B. To have being D. Being 2. _______ themselves awake , they sat on the floor and told each other stories. A. Keep B. Keeping C. To keep D. To have kept 3. ___ back problems, always bend your knees when you lift heavy objects. A. avoiding C. Having avoided B.to avoid D. To be avoiding 4. Please make my excuse at tomorrow’s meeting—I’ve got too much work _____. A. to do C. do B. doing D. to doing 5. I arrived at the shop _____ I’d left all my money at home. A. only to find B. only finding 4 学大教育 C. only found D. only having found 6. A few days after the interview, I received a letter ___ me the job. A. offered C. to be offering B. offering D. having offered 7. The plane crashed,_____ all 200 people aboard. A. killed B. kill C. killing D. had killed 8. “We can't go out in this weather.” said Bob,___ out of the window. A. looked B. looking C. to look D. having looked 9. Robert is said _____ one of my classmates the other day, but I don’t know who she is. A. to marry C. to be marrying B. to have married D. being married 10. After driving all night we got to Amy's place,__ that she was away. A. only to discover C. only discovered B. only discovering D. only having discovered 5

    文档贡献者

    yegenchuan

    贡献于2013-09-09

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